Rectified Linear Units and Adaptive Moment Estimation Optimizer on ANN with Saved Model Prediction to Improve The Stock Price Prediction Framework Performance


Sekhudin Sekhudin(1); Yuli Purwati(2*); Fandy Setyo Utomo(3); Mohd Sanusi Azmi(4); Pungkas Subarkah(5);

(1) Universitas AMIKOM Purwokerto
(2) Universitas AMIKOM Purwokerto
(3) Universitas AMIKOM Purwokerto
(4) Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka
(5) Universitas AMIKOM Purwokerto
(*) Corresponding Author

  

Abstract


A stock is a high-risk, high-return investment product. Prediction is one way to minimize risk by estimating future prices based on past data. There are limitations to solving the stock prediction problem from previous research: limited stock data, practical aspects of application, and less than optimal stock price prediction results. The main objective of this study is to improve the prediction performance by formulating and developing the stock price prediction framework. Furthermore, the research provides a stock price prediction framework that can produce better prediction results than the previous study with fast computation time. The proposed framework deals with data generation, pre-processing and model prediction. In further, the proposed framework includes two prediction methods for predicting stock closing prices: stored model prediction and current model prediction. This study uses an artificial neural network with Rectified Linear Units as an activation function and Adam Optimizer to predict stock prices. The model we have built for each forecasting method shows a better MAPE value than the model in previous studies. Previous research showed that the lowest MAPE was 1.38% for TLKM shares and 0.81% for BBRI. Our proposed framework based on the stored model prediction method shows a MAPE value of 0.67% for TLKM shares and 0.42% for BBRI. While the current model prediction method shows a MAPE value of 0.69% for TLKM shares and 0.89% for BBRI. Furthermore, the stored model prediction method takes 1.0 seconds to process a single prediction request, while the current model prediction takes 220 seconds.

Keywords


Closing Price; Intelligent System; Investment; Machine Learning; Supervised Learning

  
  

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doi  https://doi.org/10.33096/ilkom.v15i2.1586.271-282
  

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